Emergency Action Planning



About EAPS

About EAPs

Where are High-Hazard Potential Dams?

Residents near
a High-Hazard
Potential dam
should find
out if it has
an Emergency
Action Plan.

HHP dams are scattered across Georgia, but tend to cluster around population centers (See map below). The Georgia Safe Dams Program has an inventory of the state's dams, but it is not available online. To learn the classification or other information about a dam, contact the Safe Dams Program office at 404/651-8488. A map showing the location of HHP dams is included in a summary of Georgia dam statistics provided in the Georgia section of the National Inventory of Dams (NID) compiled by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Each state's dam safety program chief updates the state's dams inventory and provides it to the Corps. If you can locate a HHP dam near an area where you live, work, travel or have recreational activities, it is important that the dam have an Emergency Action Plan. Since so few dams in Georgia have EAPs it is likely a HHP dam near you will not have one. The Citizen Action section of this website contains suggestions on urging or helping dam owners to complete an EAP.

When you know the county where a dam is located and a nearby town, using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software such as Google Earth can often provide a "bird's eye view" of the area terrain. The website lists Georgia dams and links locations to maps and satellite views. Using the map to zoom in on the impoundment and then the satellite image can provide more visual understanding of the terrain. Another helpful tool for determining whether an area is at risk is the Georgia Flood Map website.

Map of dams within Georgia Red Dots = "High-hazard potential dam" is typically defined as a dam whose failure or mis-operation will cause loss of human life and significant property destruction.
Yellow Dots
= "Significant-hazard potential dam" is typically defined as a dam whose failure or mis-operation will cause significant property damage.
Black Dots
= "Low-hazard potential dam" is typically defined as a dam whose failure or mis-operation will cause minimal property damage.

Knowing where a HHP dam is located that may impact your home, business, or favorite recreational area is important. But knowing the boundaries of the "hazard area" also is important. This information may not be clearly defined unless there is an EAP for that dam. A thorough EAP will include an "inundation map" that shows the hazard area.

A major factor in concern about dam safety and the need for EAPs is the age of many dams. Hundreds of the dams are known to have been built prior to 1950, and the construction date for hundreds more is unknown.

Many dams become a greater hazard as they continue to age and deteriorate. While hundreds of them need to be rehabilitated, lack of funding prevents the work. Even dams that fall under state regulation can be a problem when ownership of the dam is unknown and rehabilitation is likely to be costly. The NID summary for Georgia includes an overview of the age of the state's dams. The Association of State Dam Safety Officials also provides an overview of the state's dam safety program.